Overview of the S-REITs Industry
- 42 S-REITs and property trusts with a total market capitalisation of around S$100 billion. Singapore has the largest REIT market in Asia (ex-Japan) and is increasingly becoming a global REIT hub.
- S-REITs are an important component of Singapore’s stock market and comprise around 12% of the Singapore Exchange’s market capitalisation.
- S-REITs’ market capitalisation has grown at a compound annual growth rate of 15% over the last 10 years.
- As of October 2020, over 85% of S-REITs and property trusts (by both number and market capitalization) own properties outside Singapore across Asia Pacific, South Asia, Europe and USA. There are 17 S-REITs whose real estate portfolios comprise entirely of overseas properties.
- S-REITs that own Singapore real estate properties are required to distribute at least 90% of their specified taxable income (generally income derived from the Singapore real estate properties) to unitholders in order to qualify for tax transparency treatment.
- S-REITs pay quarterly or semi-annual distributions.
|Country||REIT market cap (S$bil)||% of stock market cap|
- As at August 2018, except for Singapore which is as at October 2020.
- Source – Citigroup, Factset, World Bank, Gurufocus. For a complete list of S-REITs with their market capitalisation, portfolio value and country exposure please click here.
The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) has made constant effort to strengthen corporate governance in the S-REIT industry, including, among others, requiring REIT managers and directors to prioritise investors’ interests over those of the manager and the sponsor in the event of conflicts of interest. Good corporate governance helps to provide safeguards for investors and unitholders while facilitating the growth of the REIT market in Singapore.
REITs listed on the SGX are granted tax transparency treatment generally on rental and related income from Singapore real estate properties. For those investing in foreign properties, they (including the REITs’ wholly-owned Singapore-resident subsidiaries) are currently exempt from taxation on certain foreign income derived in respect of those properties acquired on or before 31 March 2020. This was part of a package of tax incentives introduced by the Singapore government to develop Singapore as the preferred Asian listing destination for REITs.
In order to promote REIT ETFs, the Singapore government announced during the 2018 Budget that S-REIT ETFs would no longer be subject to a withholding tax of 17% and would be granted tax transparency treatment, thereby maintaining parity in tax treatments between investing in individual S-REITs and REIT ETFs. Also, a 10% concessionary tax rate was introduced on REIT ETF’s distributions received by qualifying foreign corporate individuals. These tax incentives enhance Singapore’s competitiveness and maturity as a REIT market.
As at October 2020, over 85% of S-REITs and property trusts (by both number and market capitalisation) own properties outside Singapore. The trend of acquiring assets outside Singapore has intensified in recent years as REIT managers have looked beyond the geographically small city state in search of yield-accretive acquisitions. More recently, some S-REITs with overseas exposure have widened their investment mandates to expand their geographical reach. Investing in S-REITs thus allows investors to get exposure to properties around the world.
S-REITs have provided long term sustainable total returns and dividend yields which are generally more favourable compared to REITs in other established markets.
a) Total return: The FTSE ST REIT Index delivered 5-year total returns of 58% (2015-2019) which compared well with other major global REIT indices. In 2019, the FTSE ST REIT Index achieved a 27% total return. The onset of COVID-19 in early 2020 has negatively impacted global markets with all major REIT indices in negative territory for YTD 2020.
b) Dividend yield: The average current dividend yield of S-REITs has increased from around 6.4% at the start of the year to 7.2% as at 31 October 2020. This compares with the 10-year Singapore government bond rate of around 0.8%.
Average Distribution yields by Sector
The S-REIT market is well-diversified across different sub-sectors. Lately, the trend has been of REITs diversifying to more than one asset class with the result that “diversified” REITs now account for almost half of all S-REITs.
Source: Company reports, SGX as at 31 October 2020
More data and charts on S-REITs is available at SGX’s Chartbook available here